Steve Ealick's Research Group
Knaus T, Eger E, Koop J, Stipsits S, Kinsland CL, Ealick SE, and Macheroux P. Reverse structural genomics: An unsual flavin binding site in a putative protease from Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, J. Biol. Chem. 287:27490-27498 (2012).
The structure of a putative protease from Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron features an unprecedented binding site for flavin mononucleotide. The flavin isoalloxazine ring is sandwiched between two tryptophan residues in the interface of the dimeric protein. We characterized the recombinant protein with regard to its affinity for naturally occurring flavin derivatives and several chemically modified flavin analogs. Dissociation constants were determined by isothermal titration calorimetry. The protein has high affinity to naturally occurring flavin derivatives, such as riboflavin, FMN and FAD as well as lumichrome, a photodegradation product of flavins. Similarly, chemically modified flavin analogs showed high affinity to the protein in the nanomolar range. Replacement of the tryptophan by phenylalanine gave rise to much weaker binding while in the tryptophan to alanine variant flavin binding was abolished. We propose that the protein is an unspecific scavenger of flavin compounds and may serve as a storage protein in vivo.
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